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Technology integration within schools has a range of benefits and associated challenges. As described by Soujah (2014) “Technology is an effective pedagogic tool if properly administered” (p.445). Technology is always changing and being updated swiftly, resulting in the challenge for teacher to stay abreast of technological pedagogical content knowledge. Roblyer & Doering (2014) recommend technology plans should be in place at schools to help support yearly upgrades and keep resources current and useful (p.79). As teachers we have a duty of care to our students to provide learning to allow for the development of lifelong learners (Soujah 2014, p.446). Naturally using technology to enable learning in this day and age is a given, however as teachers the question is how do we analysis and assess digital resources as suitable for the classroom.

Using the TIP and TPACK models provides a strong governance framework for teachers to support sourcing and applying effective use of technologies within the classroom. Roblyer & Doering (2014) suggested that the combination of applying Tech- PACK and TIP together supports purposeful technology integration (p.78).

TPACK supports the justification and knowledge levels required to integrate different  technologies in the classroom. Although this brings a range of challenges for teachers to test and trail software and hardware for their classrooms along with balancing subject specific knowledge. Harris & Hofer (2014) Teachers planning must consider students learning needs, available technologies affordance and constraints, the realities of school and classroom context (p.211).

The following Youtube video “Talking TPACK with Dr. Punya Mishra” (Green, 2014) interview hosted by Tim Green provides some interesting and honest insights into applying the TPACK framework:

A summary of the key points made by Dr. Punya Mishra about the TPACK framework include:

  • TPACK helps to define teaching goals
  • Build in the use of technology in teaching around the pedagogy problem and have the technology solution address these problems
  • Connecting technologies to enable learning specific to the teaching area.
  • Teachers can use the TPACK framework as a way of questioning (i.e. is the technology connected to the way we want the subject to be taught?) (Green, 2014).


Green, T. 2014. Talking TPACK with Dr. Punya Mishra [Video file]. Retrieved from

Soujah, S. 2014. Technology Integration in Schools Is We Overinvested and Underprepared?. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. Retrieved from

Roblyer, M., & Doering, A. 2014. Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching: International Edition, 6th Edition, Pearson. ISBN: 978-1-292-02208-6

Harris, J., & Hofer, M. 2014. Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) in Action: A Descriptive Study of Secondary Teachers’ Curriculum-Based, Technology-Related Instructional Planning. Journal of Research on Technology in Education.